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Real Estate For Sale - Georgia DOT
Surplus Property FAQs
How can I see all excess parcels owned by GDOT?
Most parcels have been identified in the available searchable database. Additional parcels are added as they become available.
What determines the GDOT’s process for disposition?
GDOT abides by the following codes and policies; Georgia Code O.C.G.A. § 32-7-4 (2010), 23 CFR710.409, and Departmental Policy.
What is the process for purchasing a property from the Department of Transportation?
GDOT acquires properties for transportation purposes. If the need is no longer there for a property, we can declare it surplus and dispose of it in accordance with state and federal laws and regulations. When a current or future project is identified that would require the site or a portion of the site, we will not declare the property surplus except for the portion not needed in the future. Generally, surplus property must be offered back to the original property owner if the Department has owned the property for less than 30 years, at fair market value, determined by an appraisal. When the original property owner waivers the right to purchase the property, either through the deed, by rejection of the offer to sell or by the expiration of the rights of repurchase, we can offer the property for sale to the public through the advertising and bidding process.
I am a GDOT employee. Can I submit a bid to purchase property?
It is a conflict of interest for anyone who is an employee, or member of the immediate family of an employee, of the Department of Transportation to purchase property from GDOT.
Have these parcels already been appraised?
The parcels will be appraised during the processing of the application for purchase. This ensures the valuation to be as current as possible.
How long does the purchase process take?
Each parcel and sale is unique and times vary. The typical time from receipt of a complete application to preparing a deed is 4 to 6 months. Factors that affect the time include but are not limited to previous owner rights, title issues or need for a title report, need for a survey of the property, need for an environmental study and other unforeseen items.
I was told that the process involves an environmental study. Does this mean that the property is contaminated?
No. A Georgia Environmental Policy Act (GEPA) evaluation is required on properties sold by the Department of 5 or more acres in size. The evaluation is for factors of Archeology, Ecology such as wetland areas, habitat, fauna or flora, history, etc. If the property has a known potential for contamination it would not be sold until that issue is cleared under EPD guidelines.
Why is the property sometimes offered to the previous owner or successor in title?
GDOT is required to abide by this procedure which is in accordance with OCGA 32-7-4 and 23 CFR 710.409 guidelines.
I have made an offer to buy the property. Why can’t I simply negotiate with the Department instead of going through a public bid process?
State laws and Federal regulations require the Department to advertise a property being sold to the public. At this time, the sealed bid process to sell a property is the method that allows the Department to meet all requirements for a sale.
Can I visit the property?
Access to individual parcels vary on a case by case basis. Place your request at
Be sure to include the property identification information, the reason for the visit and dates you desire to visit the property. Any visit to the property is at your own risk and GDOT will not be responsible for injury or loss as a result of that visit.
How can I find out more information about a parcel that is listed?
We’ll be happy to provide additional information as needed. Please specify the property and submit a query to
I see that there are utilities on the property. How are they handled?
All sales are made subject to any utility facilities permitted by the Department of Transportation, and any utilities existing on the property at the time of this transfer. If there are above ground or underground utility facilities on the property, we may grant the utility company an easement prior to disposal of the property. Permits will usually be converted to easements prior to the completion of the sale.
What about zoning?
State owned properties are not subject to zoning and many counties do not have zoning listed. Generally, the zoning will become that of the surrounding area when a property is sold to a private owner. It is best to check with the local City or County codes for zoning information prior to submitting a bid.
Will GDOT make improvements to any of the parcels listed for sale?
No. All parcels are sold in “as-is” condition and appraised “as-is”.
Am I required to make a deposit when placing a bid, and what form of payment is accepted?
Yes. Deposits can range from 5% to 10% depending on the property. Payments are accepted in the form of a personal check, cashier’s check or certified check and is required to accompany the sealed bid.
When is the final payment to purchase a property due?
A notice will be sent to the purchaser when the deed is signed and ready for delivery. The invoice attached to the notice will include instructions for submitting the payment.
When will I receive my deed?
As soon as the final payment is received, and the receipt is confirmed by the bank the deed will be sent by overnight mail unless other arrangements are made.
Why is my deed a Quit Claim Deed?
State laws require any real property sold or transferred by the Department be done with a Quit Claim Deed.
Where and How will the deed be recorded?
It is the responsible of the purchaser to record a deed for a transaction. In Georgia a purchaser must submit a PT-61 form to the county in which the property is located. This form and further instructions may be found at the Georgia Superior Court Clerks' Cooperative Authority site:
Will I pay taxes or fees on the purchase of the property?
Transactions of real estate involving the state government are not subject to the transfer taxes. The PT-61 form includes an exemption code selection in Section D. You will be charged a nominal fee per page to record the document.